Resisting the Oblivion’s Edge: Manila’s World War II Memorials and Markers

by Jeremiah Inocencio When the city of Manila was turned into a battleground between the Filipino, American, and Japanese forces from February 3 to March 3, 1945, around 100,000 civilians were killed, 50,000 were hurt and wounded, and thousands of casualties were registered from the belligerents. This lamentable combination of carnage and rubble was devastating…